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Now that Congress has officially changed GPO’s name from Government Printing Office to Government Publishing Office, (GPO Observes 154th Birthday With New Name, New Logo), perhaps it is time to rethink not just the name, but the function of the Public papers of the Presidents of the United States and the related publications, the Daily and Weekly Compilation of Presidential documents.
Why? Because, although digital words and words on paper will continue to have both functional and historical importance, the official historical record should also include the audio and video recordings of the President.
Case in point: last week President Obama interviewed David Simon, the creator of HBO’s The Wire. Aside from the fact that this was an interesting cultural moment, the President also discussed drug policy issues in a clear and revealing way. This is the way most people experience this kind of Presidential “document.” The experience of watching the video is different from the experience of reading the transcript. The video is on YouTube (and, apparently, not on any public government web pages. Yes, you can watch the video on a White House web page, but that page only embeds the video that actually resides on YouTube, and is subject, of course, to Google’s “privacy” policy.) As of today (March 29, 2015), the transcript of the interview is already available on the White House’s Medium site (but, again, not on a publicly accessible government web server). Presumably, the official transcript will show up soon as part of the Compilation of Presidential documents. But we should be asking, who will preserve the video? How will it be preserved for long-term, free public access? Who will protect the privacy of viewers of the video? Who will preserve digital-video format in a manner that ensures it can be watched in 5, 10, or 100 years?
But there is more. This is not just a trivial issue of the name of a publication. Rather, it is an issue of how future researchers will discover and identify the complete and official record of presidents. It is not clear that the government is actually compiling a complete record of the President, much less preserving it or ensuring that people will be able to find, identify, and use all the relevant public “documents” of the presidents. Increasingly, the official record of presidents should include an A/V record. Assuming that the bits and pieces may be preserved somewhere (by Google? by NARA in a preservation silo? in a Presidential Library someday? in an end-of-term crawl?) is not enough. We should be asking: How will the video be organized, indexed, and presented to ensure that it is easily discoverable and identifiable as part of the official record of the President?
P.S., GPO might want to fix its PURLs to the daily and weekly Compilations. It appears that the Weekly PURL (purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS1769) correctly points to http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=CPD, but the Daily PURL (purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS107897) unnecessarily points to 2010.
- Building a 21st Century Digital Government, press release, May 23, 2012,
Presidential Memorandum For The Heads Of Executive Departments And Agencies.
For far too long, the American people have been forced to navigate a labyrinth of information across different Government programs in order to find the services they need. In addition, at a time when Americans increasingly pay bills and buy tickets on mobile devices, Government services often are not optimized for smartphones or tablets, assuming the services are even available online.
…Today, the CIO is releasing that strategy, entitled Digital Government: Building a 21st Century Platform to Better Serve the American People (Strategy), which provides agencies with a 12-month roadmap that focuses on several priority areas.
- Digital Government: Building A 21st Century Platform To Better Serve The American People, [PDF] Federal Chief Information Officer (CIO), Office of Management and Budget. (May 23, 2012).
A description of the collaborative project that archived the web pages of the George W. Bush presidential administration at the end of its term in office.
- The “End of Term” Was Only the Beginning, by Laura Graham, a Digital Media Project Coordinator at the Library of Congress, The Signal, Digital Preservation Blog, Library of Congress, (July 26th, 2011).
In late 2008, the Library of Congress, the California Digital Library, the University of North Texas, the Internet Archive and the Government Printing Office began the first collaborative project to capture and archive United States government web sites representing the “end of term” of the George W. Bush presidential administration.
The partners planned, strategized, developed tools to facilitate processes and settled on a division of responsibilities. Months later, when the crawling of content was complete, there were 5.7 terabytes at CDL, 1 at UNT and 9.1 at Internet Archive, for a total of 15.9 terabytes.
Good coverage of the Twitter Town Hall:
- Plenty of 140-character questions, few new answers in Obama’s Twitter town hall, by Joseph Marks, NextGov (07/06/2011).
…fewer than two-dozen questions asked during the 75-minute town hall included one question by [the Speaker of the House] and [one from a] New York Times columnist.
…White House staff posted several Tweets to summarize a single answer, sometimes leading to strange non sequiturs…
- The ‘Twitter Town Hall’ that so really wasn’t, by Megan Crepeau, Chicago Tribune (July 7, 2011)
Obama’s event wasn’t really Twitter, and what’s more, it wasn’t really a town hall.
The event itself and all the tweets can be found here:
Is anyone archiving this for posterity?