50 years ago Ted Nelson introduced the word “hypertext”

Byron Reese interviews Ted Nelson about his presentation at the ACM 50 years ago and the introduction of the word “hypertext.”

On August 24, 1965 Ted Nelson used the word “hypertext” (which he coined) in a paper he presented at the Association for Computing Machinery. I was able to interview him earlier this month about the event and his early thoughts on the future of computing.

Open Access Book about Ted Nelson

Available as a free download in PDF and ePub formats: Intertwingled: The Work and Influence of Ted Nelson Editors: Douglas R. Dechow, Daniele C. Struppa ISBN: 978-3-319-16924-8 (Print) 978-3-319-16925-5 (Online).

Among the contributors: Christine L. Borgman, Douglas R. Dechow, Brewster Kahle, Alan Kay, and Ted Nelson!

From the introduction:

On April 24, 2014, Chapman University hosted “Intertwingled: The Work and Influence of Ted Nelson,” a conference to celebrate the anniversary of the publication of Computer Lib / Dream Machines and his many contributions to computing and to the generation of knowledge in our world. As a part of that event, Chapman University awarded Ted Nelson an honorary doctorate. We felt that such an award was most appropriate, as Ted’s approach to the big questions is a reflection of our university’s most esteemed hopes for our students and the embodiment of our mission: to teach our students how to lead inquiring, ethical, and productive lives as global citizens for the rest of their lives. The award citation read in part:

By focusing on the important questions of how people will work with and use information, we honor your curiosity and ingenuity as a media innovator and systems designer. From your early work that led to the creation of hypertext and to the docuverse —a world-wide network of hypertext documents—that you envisioned first, you laid the groundwork for the information ecosystem that has shaped the 21st century. We honor your perseverance and tenacity in working for nearly fifty years on the Xanadu system, your vision of the docuverse.

In this volume, which takes its name from the conference, Intertwingled : The Work and Influence of Ted Nelson , Nelson, his colleagues and contemporaries from the computing world and the scholars who continue to examine his work take up those topics that have been the subject of Nelson’s frenetic and fluid mind for the past 50 years: hypertext, the docuverse, and Xanadu.

No, Mr. Mayor. You may not copyright city council meeting videos.

Judge Rules That Inglewood, California Cannot Copyright Public Videos Slashdot (August 24, 2015).

Recently a judge ruled in California that the city of Inglewood cannot hold copyrights of videos of public city council meetings which they published on their YouTube account and thus cannot sue individuals for copyright infringement for using them. In several YouTube videos, Joseph Teixeira, a resident of Inglewood, California, criticized the mayor, James Butts. Under the account name Dehol Truth, Teixeira took city council meetings posted on their YouTube account and edited them to make pointed criticisms about the mayor.

Bipartisan coalition urges Congress to make CRS reports available

A bipartisan coalition of 40 organizations and 91 private citizens urged Congress to make non-confidential CRS reports widely available to the public. The organizations signing the letter include AALL, ALA, ARL, and FGI.

List of organizations and individuals that signed the letter:

American Association of Law Libraries, American Civil Liberties Union, American Library Association, Association of Research Libraries, Bill of Rights Defense Committee, California State University San Marcos, Cause of Action, Center for Democracy and Technology, Center for Effective Government, Center for Media and Democracy, Center for Responsive Politics, Citizens Against Government Waste, Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington, Congressional Data Coalition, Data Transparency Coalition, Defending Dissent Foundation, Demand Progress, Engine, Essential Information, Federation of American Scientists, Freedom Works, Free Government Information, Government Accountability Project, Middlebury College Library, Minnesota Coalition On Government Information, National Coalition for History, National Security Archive, National Security Counselors, National Taxpayers Union, NewFields Research Library, Niskanen Center, OpenTheGovernment.org, Project on Government Oversight, Public Citizen, R Street Institute, Sunlight Foundation, Taxpayers for Common Sense, Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) at Syracuse University, Union of Concerned Scientists, Western Illinois University Libraries


Amy Spare; Andrew Lopez, Connecticut College; Barbara Jones; Ben Amata, California State University Sacramento; Ben Doherty; Bernadine Abbott Hoduski, Professional Staff Member, Joint Committee on Printing, retired; Bert Chapman, Purdue University Libraries; Bill Olbrich; Bradley Seybold; Brandon Burnette, Southeastern Oklahoma State University; Brenda Ellis; BWS Johnson; Carol Bredemeyer; Carrie Russell; Christine Alvey, Maryland State Archives; Claire King, Kansas Supreme Court Law Library; Crystal Davidson, King College; Daniel Barkley, University of New Mexico; Danya Leebaw; Dave Morrison, Marriott Library, University of Utah; Deborah Melnick, LLAGNY; Dianne Oster; Donna Burton, Union College; Dorothy Ormes; Edward Herman; Eileen Heaser, CSUS Library; Ellen Simmons; Eric Mill; Francis Buckley, former Superintendent of Documents, US Government Printing Office; Gail Fithian; Gail Whittemore; Genevieve Nicholson; Helen Burke; Jacque Howell; Jane Larrington; Janetta Paschal; Jeanette Sparks; Jennifer Pesetsky; JoAnne Deeken; Joy T. Pile, Middlebury College; Judith Downie; Julia Hughes; Karen Heil, Government Information Librarian, Middletown Thrall Library; Karen Russ; Kathleen L. Amen; Kathy Carmichael; KC Halstead; Kelly McGlynn; Kristine R. Kreilick; LaRita Schandorff; Larry Romans; Laura G. Harper; Linda Johnson, University of New Hampshire; Lois Fundis, Mary H. Weir Public Library; Lori Gwinett; Lori L. Smith; Louise Buckley, University of New Hampshire Library; Louise England; Marna Morland; Mamita Simpson, University of Virginia Law Library; Mary Anne Curlee; Mary Jo Lazun; Megan Brooks; Melissa Pinch; Michael J. Malbin, Professor of Political Science, SUNY Albany; Michele Hayslett, UNC at Chapel Hill; Mike Lynch; Mohamed Haian Abdirahman; Norman Ornstein; P. Duerr; Patricia J. Powell, Government Documents Librarian, Roanoke College Library; Professor Patricia B.M. Brennan; Rachel H. Carpenter, Reference Government Documents Librarian, Rhode Island College; Rebecca Richardson; Robert Sippel, Florida Institute of Technology; Rosemary Campagna; Sandy Schiefer, University of Missouri – Columbia; Schuyler M. Cook; Scott Casper; Shari Laster; Stephanie Braunstein; Stephen Hayes, Hesburgh Libraries, University of Notre Dame; Susan Bucks, Monmouth University; Susan Udry; Tammy Savinski; Taylor Fitchett; Thomas E. Hickman; Thomas E. Mann; Victoria Mitchell; Wendy Swanberg; Wilhelmina Randtke.

GPO announces availability of CFR for bulk download in XML

GPO announced today that the digital version of the Code of Federal Regulations (eCFR) is now available for bulk download in XML format. A 58 page User Guide (Electronic Code of Federal Regulations (e-CFR) XML User Guide (ECFR XML User Guide). U.S. Government Publishing Office, Federal Digital System, 8/24/2015), is available in PDF format.

Press Release:

No. 15-16
GPO & National Archives Make eCFR Available For Bulk Download In XML Format

WASHINGTON – The U.S. Government Publishing Office (GPO) partners with the National Archives’ Office of the Federal Register (OFR) to make the electronic Code of Federal Regulations (eCFR) available in XML format for bulk data download from GPO’s Federal Digital System (FDsys). OFR provides eCFR files to GPO and then GPO converts files into XML. The eCFR bulk data will allow for a “one-click” download of the current XML file for each of the titles in the eCFR. XML permits data to be reused and repurposed for mobile web applications, data mashups, and other analytical tools by third party providers, which contributes to openness and transparency in Government.

The eCFR is a currently updated version of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). The eCFR is an editorial compilation of CFR material and Federal Register amendments produced by OFR and GPO. OFR updates the material in the eCFR on a regular basis and can be as frequent as every day.

eCFR: http://www.ecfr.gov/cgi-bin/ECFR?page=browse

GPO’s bulk data repository: www.gpo.gov/fdsys/bulkdata


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