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Our friend Daniel Schuman from Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington (CREW) (nee Sunlight) has put together a helpful ebook “Senate Torture Report: The Senate Speaks” (archived copy as ePub, PDF, full text, etc.). The ebook pulls together the speeches on the floor of the Senate of several senators, including the Intelligence Committee Chair Diane Feinstein explaining their views and findings. “These speeches are a helpful, succinct introduction to what is now being called the Torture Report.”
On December 9, 2014, the Senate Intelligence Committee published a report severely criticizing CIA interrogation practices as brutal and ineffective. The committee released to the public a redacted version of the report’s executive summary—nearly 500 pages long—the culmination of seven years’ work. It includes the views of the majority of committee members, an additional statement by Senator Jay Rockefeller, and the views of dissenting committee members. The full report is classified and runs nearly 6,700 pages.
via Daniel Schuman.
GPO has released an official version of the “THE SENATE CIA REPORT” as Senate Report 113-228. The digital version is available on GPO’s Federal Digital System (FDsys):
The print version is available for purchase at GPO’s retail and online bookstore for $29.
This is a single-volume, 712 page version. It contains:
Letter of Transmittal to Senate from Chairman Feinstein — i
Foreword of Chairman Feinstein — iii
Findings and Conclusions — x
Executive Summary — 1
Additional Views of Senator Rockefeller — 500
Additional Views of Senator Wyden — 503
Additional Views of Senator Udall of Colorado — 506
Additional Views of Senator Heinrich — 510
Additional Views of Senator King — 512
Additional Views of Senator Collins — 515
Minority Views of Vice Chairman Chambliss, Senators Burr, Risch, Coats, Rubio, and Coburn — 520
Minority Views of Senator Coburn, Vice Chairman Chambliss, Senators Burr, Risch, Coats, and Rubio — 678
Minority Views of Senators Risch, Coats, and Rubio — 682
GPO Press Release:
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: December 15, 2014
GPO RELEASES THE OFFICAL DIGITAL & PRINT VERSIONS OF THE SENATE CIA REPORT
WASHINGTON – – The U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO) makes available the official and authentic digital and print versions of the Report of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence Committee Study of the Central Intelligence Agency’s Detention and Interrogation Program, together with a forward by Chairman Feinstein and Additional and Minority Views (Senate Report 113-288).
This document comprises the declassified Executive Summary and Findings and Conclusions, including declassified additional and minority views. The full classified report will be maintained by the Committee and has been provided to the Executive Branch for dissemination to all relevant agencies.
The release of the Senate’s Study of the CIA’s Detention and Interrogation Program presents some interesting issues for government documents collections.
There are 3 separate documents and they are easily findable on the web on different web sites, but not all sites have all 3 documents and the the different copies of the individual documents are not the same.
The “official” copies are (at least today) listed on the home page of Senate Committee’s web site [see below)], but are not listed on the Committee’s Publications Page or its Press Release page – perhaps because the report is not an official committee document with an assigned “Document” or “Report” number. Presumably it will not be in FDsys unless or until it gets an official Document or Report designation.
(Why isn’t it “official”? The report was initially intended to be a full committee report. In 2009 the Committee voted 14–1 to initiate the study. But in 2009 Republicans on the Committee withdrew from active participation in the study.)
My speculation is that the different PDF files that you can find on the web are slightly different because each one was produced by scanning a paper copy with different software. I do not know if the Committee only distributed a paper copy but I do know that even its own PDF copy is (apparently) a scanned copy. (You can tell because, if you try to copy the text from the PDF, you will discover that it is badly OCR’d (optical character recognition) text. For example, the digital text of names of Senators is sometimes badly converted: Chambliss becomes “CHAMBUSS” and Rubio becomes “Rvbio”). The official copies were created using Adobe PDF Scan Library 3.1 and ScandAll PRO V2.0.12.
Official Reports and Statements
The Senate Select Committee on Intelligence currently has links to three documents on its home page.
U.S. Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. 2014. Committee Study of the Central Intelligence Agency’s Detention and Interrogation Program. [PDF, 65.7MB, 525 pages] Foreword by Senate Select Committee on Intelligence Chairman Dianne Feinstein, Findings and Conclusions, Executive Summary. Approved December 13, 2012, Updated for Release April 3, 2014, Declassification Revisions December 3, 2014. UNCLASSIFIED.
U.S. Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. 2014. Committee Study of the Central Intelligence Agency’s Detention and Interrogation Program: Additional Views. [PDF, 2MB, 27 pages]. Senator John D. Rockefeller IV, Senator Wyden, Senator Udall, Senator Heinrich, Senator King, Senator Collins.
U.S. Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. 2014. Committee Study of the Central Intelligence Agency’s Detention and Interrogation Program: Minority Views, Additional Minority Views. [PDF, 14.5MB, 167 pages] Minority Views Of Vice Chairman Chambliss Joined by Senators Burr, Risch, Coats, Rubio, and Coburn. (June 20, 2014 Revised for Redaction on December 5, 2014).
The CIA has its own responses to the report, currently listed on its Reports page.
- CIA’s June 2013 Response to the SSCI Study on the Former Detention and Interrogation Program [PDF 5.4MB*]
- Note to the Reader [PDF 180.8KB]*
- Statement from Director Brennan on the SSCI Study on the Former Detention and Interrogation Program
- CIA Fact Sheet Regarding the SSCI Study on the Former Detention and Interrogation Program
Other official statements.
Obama, Barak. 2014. Statement by the President Report of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. White House. Office of the Press Secretary. “For Immediate Release” (December 09, 2014).
Feinstein, Dianne. 2014. Intel Committee Releases Report on CIA Detention, Interrogation Program. Press Release. (Dec 9, 2014).
A web search for the title of the title (“Committee Study of the Central Intelligence Agency’s Detention and Interrogation Program”) leads to many sites with copies. Many of these are, apparently directly from the Committee site, but at least one news organization (the New York Times) evidently made its own scanned copy and digitized text version of the main report.
- The New York Times has a PDF copy [108.4MB, 528 pages] and a plain text copy. The PDF version was created using Acrobat 11.0.9 Paper Capture Plug-in and Xerox WorkCentre 5150. Both are stored with an Amazon cloud service.
ProPublica has created a useful timeline to put the report in perspective.
- Brandeisky, Kara and Sisi Wei. 2014. Timeline: The Tortured History of the Senate’s Torture Report. Kara Brandeisky and Sisi Wei. ProPublica, (April 8, 2014).
FDLP Library Actions
What can FDLP Libraries (or any library) do to ensure that their uses will be able to find and get unaltered, official, copies in the future? Just relying on the web may not be adequate, secure, consistent, transparent, or guaranteed. There are several issues. The existing links to even the official documents may not be stable. The official digital copies are only digital surrogates of the original paper copy. There are already other alternative digital surrogates available. The quality of the surrogates varies and the links to those copies may also not be stable.
I suggest the following actions by libraries:
- Get copies of the official digital versions directly from the Committee web site as soon as possible (see links above).
- Create a digital “hash” or “checksum” of the documents you download. (See a list of various tools and a discussion of checksums for preservation, if you are unfamiliar with the concepts.)
- Catalog your copies and include them in your OPAC or other official library inventory and discovery databases. Include adequate metadata that describes how, when, and where you got your copies.
- Ideally, you should store your copies in a Trusted Digital Repository. Unfortunately, there are, as yet, very few certified TDRs. Short of that, be sure that you have copies stored in more than one geographic location and that you have a way of verifying over time (using the checksum) that the files you stored have not been altered or corrupted.
Steven Aftergood reports on a new Defense Dept policy designed to regulate Pentagon interactions with the news media.
- SecDef Defends New Policy on Limiting Media Access, by Steven Aftergood, Secrecy News, (July 9th, 2010)
…[I]t seems practically certain that the new guidance will significantly impede the flow of information to the press and will complicate the already difficult task of probing beneath the official surface of events.
The Gates memorandum seems to reflect a view of the press as a conduit for “official government positions” that are “authorized” and placed “in proper context.” But everyone knows that the most interesting and important news stories often begin with unofficial and unauthorized statements that are lacking in context and may even be inaccurate. It is the reporter’s job to validate them, assess their significance, place them in context and communicate them, and if the results appear “before I or the White House know anything about them,” so much the better.
Although one of the main roles of the Federal Depository Library Program is to preserve and make accessible the official record of the U.S. Federal Government, there is an additional value in the digital age to having these records in libraries and not only in the control of government agencies. Government agencies are limited by policy, law, and, as Aftergood points out, inclination, to control and manage information. Having digital collections in libraries that include official and unofficial government information brings context, perspective, richness, and completeness to the public record. This complementary record makes it easier for citizens, scholars, reporters, and historians to understand and evaluate the raw information.