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Yay! A new volume of Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS) has just been released. I’m assuming that GPO will be distributing this volume via the FDLP, but in the meantime, it’s available as a PDF on the State Department site. I hope GPO grabs a copy, stores it and makes it available via FDsys because, you know, pointing is NOT collecting!
That is all.
Office of the Historian
Bureau of Public Affairs
United States Department of State
August 17, 2015
The Department of State released today Foreign Relations of the United States, 1969–1976, Volume XXIII, Arab-Israeli Dispute, 1969–1972.
As part of a subseries of volumes of the Foreign Relations series that documents the most important issues in the foreign policy of the administrations of Richard M. Nixon and Gerald R. Ford, this volume documents U.S. policy toward the Arab-Israeli Dispute between January 1969 and December 1972. During his first term in office, President Richard Nixon was confronted with the challenges posed by the outcomes of the June 1967 Arab-Israeli War, most notably Israel’s acquisition of territory from its Arab neighbors in the Sinai Peninsula, the Gaza Strip, the Golan Heights, and the West Bank; lingering hostilities between Israeli and Arab forces; the rise of the Palestine Liberation Organization under the leadership of Yasser Arafat; and growing Soviet influence in the Arab states. Although this volume primarily traces the administration’s efforts to broker an Egyptian-Israeli peace settlement while seeking to preserve a precarious regional balance of power between the belligerents, it also covers other aspects of U.S. bilateral relations with Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria, including nuclear matters and arms sales. Among the salient themes highlighted in the volume include the impact of the shifting bureaucratic balance of power within the Nixon administration’s foreign policy apparatus, from the Department of State to the White House, on the making of policy toward the Arab-Israeli dispute, as well as the influence of the Cold War conflict upon U.S. perceptions of the strategic situation in the Middle East and the prospects for peace.
This volume was compiled and edited by Steven Galpern. The volume and this press release are available on the Office of the Historian website at http://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1969-76v23. Copies of the volume will be available for purchase from the U.S. Government Printing Office online at http://bookstore.gpo.gov (GPO S/N 044-000-02670-8; ISBN 978–0–16–092847-5), or by calling toll-free 1–866–512–1800 (D.C. area 202–512–1800). For further information, contact email@example.com.
The Historical Advisory Committee to the Department of State (HAC) released a report assessing both improvements in publishing the Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS) series by the Office of the Historian (HO), and the pitfalls of NARA’s declassification process. The report concludes with mixed results, noting that while it will remain difficult, if not impossible, for the HO to publish its FRUS series documenting events within 30-years of their occurrence as mandated by law, HO has made robust and encouraging progress and the office continues to increase the number of publications it releases.
However, HAC was less encouraged by the declassification and release of State Department records by NARA. Executive Order 13526 mandates the “declassification of records over 25-years old-unless valid and compelling reasons can be specified for not releasing them.” The HAC report noted that “[t]he review, transfer, and processing of records are falling further behind the timeline needed to meet their targets, and the leadership of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) does not manifest the sense of urgency required to reverse this trend.” The report soberly concludes that NARA “currently lacks a plan, the backlog is growing, it is woefully understaffed, and its morale is the lowest of any government department or agency. NARA’s leadership must act now. The fiscal environment is not improving, and the volume of federal records to review, transfer, and process is exploding.”
- Report of the Advisory Committee on Historical Diplomatic Documentation, January 1-December 31, 2012. H-Diplo Discussion (July 1, 2013).
The essential series Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS), published by the Office of the Historian at the U.S. Department of State, presents the official documentary historical record of major U.S. foreign policy decisions and significant diplomatic activity. The Office of the Historian has apparently finished its pilot project with producing FRUS in e-book formats (ePub and Mobi). It now is offering 108 publications during its current phase releasing e-books.
- Historical Documents > E-Books Edition, U.S. Department of State, Office of the Historian.
Hat tip to infoDOCKET!
Selected volumes of the eminent State Department series, Foreign Relations of the United States, are now available as e-books for reading on devices such as the Kindle and Nook.
- E-Books Initiative, U.S. Department of State, Office of the Historian.
The Office of the Historian at the U.S. Department of State is pleased to announce the release of its Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS) series in a new e-book format that is readable on popular electronic devices such as the Amazon Kindle and Apple iPad. The e-book edition combines many of the benefits of print and web publications in a new form that is portable and extremely convenient. During the pilot phase of the FRUS e-book initiative, five selected FRUS volumes are available here. The public is invited to download the new e-books and provide feedback to help improve the FRUS e-book edition. At the conclusion of the pilot phase later this year, the Office will work to offer e-book versions of many more FRUS volumes both through the Office website and on a wide array of e-bookstores. The Office will continue to expand and enhance its e-book offerings, as part of the ongoing FRUS digitization effort.
The volumes available are:
- Foreign Relations of the United States, 1964–1968, Volume XIX, Arab-Israeli Crisis and War, 1967.
- Foreign Relations of the United States, 1969–1976, Volume X, Vietnam, January 1973–July 1975.
- Foreign Relations of the United States, 1969–1976, Volume XXIV, Middle East Region and Arabian Peninsula, 1969–1972; Jordan, September 1970.
- Foreign Relations of the United States, 1969–1976, Volume XXXII, SALT I, 1969–1972.
- Foreign Relations of the United States, 1969–1976, Volume E–12, Documents on East and Southeast Asia, 1973–1976.
Steven Aftergood says that State Department historians are still, in a new volume of the Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS), unable to provide a definitive account of an event in October 1969 when the Nixon Administration secretly placed U.S. nuclear forces on alert.
- Purpose of 1969 Nuclear Alert Remains a Mystery, by Steven Aftergood, Secrecy News, (October 25th, 2011).
- Foreign Relations of the United States, 1969–1976, Volume XXXIV, National Security Policy, 1969–1972. [PDF, 3.4MB]
This volume documents U.S. national security policy in the context of the Vietnam War and the changing Cold War strategic balance between the United States and the Soviet Union.